On 19 April 1770, navigator James Cook reached Australian shores in Botany Bay, in the south-east. Taking possession of the whole coast of the possession of the British Crown called it “New South Wales”. 18 years later, on January 18, 1788, in the same bay Captain Arthur Phillip anchor the fleet. Captain carry loads very unusual. The 11 ships brought here 700 British convicts to deportation and 450 sailors. Although exhausted after the journey and the emotions that had passed, prisoners, among whom were women, were able to finally land as free men.
They found here a fertile region, which seemed not inhabited. There are lots of bays we get more in dry and ships that had brought them remained for a while in a natural harbor, Botany Bay, while deportees made their shelters on the rocky coast which they called The Rocks. With a devastating effect on the natives began the colonization of Australia, English is the first settlement of that bay. Here he founded and Sydney Harbour, become nowadays a modern city with about four million, with international airport, universities, museums and parks, crossed the center of the monorail, a quick tram that glides noiselessly itself.
City emblem remains Opera with its bold form. Some compare it to a bunch of shells, others with a web of ship. It was built on a promontory in the sea far forward as Danish architect Jorn Utzon project. He won the contest launched in 1957 for the construction of lyric theater, but eventually he resigned the architect coordinating the work proved difficult and costly. The construction was finished in five years is not as expected, but in 14, Australian architects and participating fully in solving them. Its cost was estimated at seven million dollars but increased to an amount around 102 million. Sydney Opera House still remains one of the great wonders of the modern world like Sydney Tower, the height to which you can contemplate the beauty of both the city and Pacific beaches.
Until the construction of the Opera, symbol of the city was Harbor Bridge, which connects the north and the south. The locals nicknamed “Old Coathanger” because of its shape, was completed in 1932 and has eight lanes, two tram lines, bicycle lanes and sidewalks for pedestrians. Most of the traffic but the water runs. From side to side to see the port going fast catamarans or ferries that are heavier and racing between the center and suburbs. Many of these boats anchored in Circular Quay, where a motley crowd made up of acrobats, mimes, actors and musicians offer passers colorful street performances. Nearby is a replica of the famous ship Bounty, famous for the revolt that took place aboard. The ship can be visited, and, upon request, make short trips in the bay.
Not far from the pier you can visit The Rocks, the first settlement of deportees British place where, during the bicentennial of the city were restored old houses, a bar and a shopping area, all included in the tourist circuit. The oldest of these buildings is Cadman’s Cottage, built in 1816. The place where James Cook landed was arranged National Park that bears his name, dominated by a memorial. In fact, James Cook is the most honored person in Australia and Sydney residents are proud that this first leg has great navigator.